Epilepsy Treatment in India
When medications are not able to control the seizures in people who are suffering with epilepsy. The epilepsy surgery is done to remove the area of your brain to eliminate seizures. It is one of the most effective procedure when the seizure originates in a brain at single location.
Tests to determine the need of epilepsy surgery
- Baseline electroencephalogram (EEG)
- Video EEG
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- Brain mapping.
The epilepsy surgery is based on the type of seizures and their locations in the brain
- Lobe resection: In this procedure the part of brain is altered the seizure focus area. It is for the people who have seizures in non-critical part of the brain.
- Lesionectomy: This surgery is performed to remove the brain lesions, which causes seizures.
- Corpus callosotomy: The corpus callosum is a bunch of nerve fibers connect the two halves of your brain. It is also known as the split-brain surgery, the surgeon removes the corpus collasum
- Hemispherectomy: It is further divided into three parts
- Anatomic hemispherectomy: It is done to remove the frontal, parietal, temporal and optical lobes on one side of the brain
- Functional hemispherectomy: It is done to either remove the smaller area or disconnect the affected hemisphere from the body
- Hemispherotomy: One or more holes are created in the hemisphere, in place of removing the larger area of the brain
Risks involved with epilepsy surgery
- Affects the memory and the ability of understanding the language (EEG)
- Affects eyesight