Peripheral Artery Disease Treatment
It is a surgical procedure which is done to remove any blockage from the blood vessels, which obstructs the flow of blood. Your own vein is considered as the preferred graft material for the procedure. Heart and legs are considered as the most common sites for the vascular bypass surgery. A surgical bypass helps when a patient has peripheral artery disease .
Types of bypass
- Cardiac bypass: It is performed to remove or replaced the blocked arteries in the heart.
- Leg bypass: Leg bypass surgery is done for peripheral vascular disease, acute limb ischemia, aneurysms and trauma.
- Hemodialysis Access: A vascular bypass is created for the hemodialysis to create the access for the circulatory system.
- Cerebral artery bypass: When cerebral artery obstructs the flow of blood to the brain, then cerebral artery bypass is performed to remove or replace the artery.
How vascular bypass surgery is performed?
Doctor’s give you the anesthesia, so that you remain relaxed and sleep through out the procedure. If in case there is a need of blood, the blood transfusion is done.
Surgeon takes the graft from your body, as it is preferred to have to natural graft over the artificial one. They take it from groin area, inner knee, foot or a calf.
An incision is created on the patient’s body depending upon the type of vascular bypass surgery The surgeons sew the incision which was created during the procedure The surgery usually takes 1.5 to 6 hours depending upon on the complexity of it Risks associated with the vascular bypass surgery.
There are chances that your graft may get blocked again in future, in that case, either you go through a catheter procedure or new bypass surgery