Peripheral Artery Disease Treatment
It is a surgical procedure that removes any blockage from the blood vessels, which obstructs the flow of blood. Your vein is considered as the preferred graft material for the process. The heart and legs are considered the most common sites for vascular bypass surgery. A surgical bypass helps when a patient has peripheral artery disease. .
Types of bypass
- Cardiac bypass: It is performed to remove or replace the blocked arteries in the heart.
- Leg bypass surgery is done for peripheral vascular disease, acute limb ischemia, aneurysms, and trauma.
- Hemodialysis Access: Avascular bypass is created for the hemodialysis to make the access for the circulatory system.
- Cerebral artery bypass: When the cerebral artery obstructs blood flow to the brain, then cerebral artery bypass is performed to remove or replace the artery.
How is vascular bypass surgery performed?
Doctor’s give you the anaesthesia to remain relaxed and sleep throughout the procedure. If there is a need for blood, the blood transfusion is done. The surgeon takes the graft from your body, as it is preferred to have to natural graft over the artificial one. They take it from the groin area, inner knee, foot or calf.
An incision is created on the patient’s body depending on vascular bypass surgery. The surgeons sew the incision made during the procedure. The surgery usually takes 1.5 to 6 hours, depending upon its complexity—risks associated with the vascular bypass surgery.
There are chances that your graft may get blocked again in future; in that case, either you go through a catheter procedure or new bypass surgery.