Nerve Tumor Treatment in India

What is a peripheral nerve tumor?

Peripheral nerve tumors are benign (non-cancerous) tumors that grow along the peripheral nerves. These nerve tumors grow slow and formed within the nerve itself which causes the nerve to expand gradually. If these are left untreated then they may form a nerve dysfunction. You may experience pain, numbness or weakness in the affected peripheral nerves. Usually, surgery is performed to remove the tumor. There are few chances where a tumor cannot be removed without damaging the surrounding healthy tissues and nerves. In such cases, the surgeon may recommend the other treatments.

Peripheral Nerve Tumor Symptoms

The peripheral nerve tumor symptoms can generate directly on the main nerve or the tumor pressing the surrounding nerves, blood vessels or the tissues. The size of the tumor never always determine its effects.

The peripheral nerve tumor symptoms vary depending on the location of the tumors and the affected tissues.

  • Swelling/ lump under your skin
  • Pain, tingling or numbness
  • Weakness
  • Loss of function in the affected area
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of balance and grasping power

Types of Nerve Tumor

  • Schwannoma:It is the most common type of the nerve tumor found in the adults, a schwannoma can occur anywhere in the body. It mainly comes from a fascicle nerve within the main nerve and displaces the rest of the nerve. Some schwannoma increases in size and turns into an unusual shape within your spine or pelvis, e.g. dumbbell tumors. If it develops in your arms and legs then you may notice a mass. When its size gets increases then more fascicles are affected and the removal becomes difficult.
  • Neurofibroma:Neurofibroma is a common type of non-cancerous tumor that grows more centrally within the nerve. It may arise from several nerve bundles which may cause mild symptoms. This tumor usually grows in people with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1).
  • Acoustic Neuroma:It is a benign and slow-growing tumor that grows on the vestibular nerve, which leads from your inner ear to your brain. It is also known as the vestibular schwannoma. It directly affects your balance of hearing and pressure can cause hearing loss and unsteadiness.
  • Benign Peripheral Nerve Tumor:The peripheral nerves link your brain with the spinal cord. These nerves control your muscle movements and other activities. The tumors can grow along with the peripheral nerves. Some are hereditary and the reason that causes these tumors is unknown.
  • Desimod Tumors :Desimod tumors are the non-cancerous tumors that grow in the connective tissue. These tumors most often occur in the abdomen, arms, and legs. Desimod tumors are also known as aggressive fibromatosis.
  • Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors:Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors are a rare type of cancerous tumor which grows in the nerve lining extends from the spinal cord into the body. These tumors can grow anywhere in the body, however, it grows mostly in the deep tissues of legs, arms, and trunk. It causes pain and weakness in the affected area and lumps are visible too. It is majorly treated with the surgeries.
  • Neurofibromatosis:Neurofibromatosis is a type of genetic disorder that causes tumors on the nerve tissues. It can grow anywhere in your nervous systems (including brain, spine, and nerves). Neurofibromatosis is generally benign, but sometimes these can be malignant. It can cause pain, hearing and vision loss, problems with blood vessels, etc.

Diagnosis of Nerve Tumors

The doctor checks with you about the symptoms of it and discusses your medical history. Based on your physical condition the doctor may ask you for the following tests to diagnose the nerve tumors:

  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Computed Tomography (CT scan)
  • Electromyogram (EMG)
  • Nerve condition study
  • Tumor biopsy
  • Nerve biopsy

Treatments of Nerve Tumor

The treatments of your nerve tumor depend on its type, it’s symptoms and it’s effects on the other nerves and tissues. The treatment options for nerve tumors include:

  • Monitoring:The growth and symptoms of the nerve tumors are being monitored. It is done to keep a check on the location of the tumor (to assess the difficulty while removing it) or it is small in size.
  • Surgery:You may have to undergo a surgery for the removal of the nerve tumors. The goal of the surgery to remove the complete tumor without damaging the surrounding nerves and soft tissues. If the surgeons are not able to remove the complete tumor, then they try to remove it as much as they can. The microsurgeries help the doctors to remove the tumor without damaging healthy soft tissue or a nerve around the affected area.
  • Stereotactic Radiosurgery:Stereotactic radiosurgery is performed to remove the nerve tumors which occur in or around the brain. The surgeon uses a gamma knife to remove the tumor without making an incision on the skull.
  • Cancer Treatment: Standard cancer therapies, such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy are used to treat malignant nerve tumors.
  • Rehabilitation:You may require rehabilitation after the surgery. The doctors may use braces to keep your arm or leg steady which helps you to heal. Physical therapists like physiotherapists can help you to restore your movements or functions that are lost due to nerve damage.

Cost of Nerve Tumor Treatment

The cost of nerve tumor treatment depends on the type of tumor and its complications. However, you can contact us to know the charges of your treatment by contacting us.

Dr. (Prof.) Sumit Sinha is one of the best neurosurgeons in Delhi (India). He has vast experience of over 17 years in the field of Neurosurgery. He is also one of the most awarded brain surgeons/ doctors in Delhi. Your search for the best doctor of the brain in India ends here. Please contact us.

Lecturing on Minimally invasive spinal surgery at recently concluded meeting by Artemis hospitals Gurugram.